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5 Covert Criticism Styles You Need To Be Aware Of



5 Covert Criticism Styles You Need To Be Aware Of

Criticism kills love!

People in relationships argue—this is quite normal unless the disagreements are chronic and the intensity is potentially dangerous. Nevertheless, most consider a good, clean, verbal joust in which both partners vent their true feelings a healthier alternative to holding them in and suffering. It is also considered more productive than repressing toxic feelings only to explode at a much later date. This latter maneuver is often associated with domestic violence, and in some cases can all but guarantee the demise of a relationship.

The purpose of this article is to uncover a few of the more covert attacking styles partners use to hurt one another, and to help you avoid them. Unfortunately, many people have difficulty acknowledging their anger, and some haven’t a clue how they convey their dissatisfaction and disappointment to their mates. I find this especially true of those who have a strong need to see themselves as kind, gentle souls, incapable of doing harm; many of these people are uncomfortable owning their power. Here are 5 such styles:

1. Picking, Nagging, and Chronic Criticizing: The partner who nags or picks at you on a chronic basis may be mad about one specific issue (e.g., you spend too much money) that you have repeatedly failed to remedy. In this case there may be merit to their anger and you should consider their complaint in a good faith effort to stop the cycle. However, if you notice that you can never please your mate, then you have a bigger problem. You might have a sadistic partner who takes pleasure in torturing you—consciously or unconsciously—via transferring past rage for a prior significant other (e.g., parent or previous spouse) onto you. Another possibility is that you have a miserable mate who needs to hold onto his/her “victim” by envisioning you as a persecutor. One way to differentiate the two is to measure the level of anger and hostility. The sadistic partner can be quite mean, and the punishment often doesn’t fit the crime. The victim often strikes while simultaneously crying and complaining about the injustice they have suffered by your hands. I sometimes refer to these individuals as “teddy bears with baseball bats.”
2. Projecting: If a person is uncomfortable owning a feeling or behavior, he/she may defend against this by projecting it onto you—as if you’re behaving or feeling the same way. Look out for people who keep telling you something is wrong with you, or that you’re doing something that they don’t like. They may be guilty of the very things they are attributing to you. For example, if your partner is always suspicious of you cheating, and you’re not…
3. Kicking When Your Partner is Down:  I can’t tell you how many people initiate a split when their partners are most vulnerable—it’s as if the initiator is accenting a retaliatory point. The worst of it, however, is that many of the attackers don’t seem to have a clue how sadistic their behavior is. For example, people often end relationships on holidays or at a celebratory time (e.g., birthdays). I’ve experienced many who have started fights with their sick partners while in hospital rooms. I know some of these people are expressing anxiety, but others are driving home a point…with force.
4. Engaging Others in Your Attack:  I would think it’s enough to hurt one’s partner mano a mano without enlisting friends, family, or even children to aid in the process. There are numerous examples of those who try to poison others against their partners, often resulting in senseless losses. Why? Many of these people use good old fashioned competition as a weapon of attack: “I’ll end up with more friends than he will.” Another possibility is the gang attack: “If we all jump on her we’ll crush her.” For some, the more people on their side the less responsibility they have to take: “If all these people see my point of view, I can’t be wrong.” And one of my favorites: “I want to leave her with nothing.” Ugh!
5.The Sneak Attack: The passive aggressive individual is one who expresses anger covertly—often  a very effective technique. I often refer to these individuals as snipers. The beauty of this style is that you usually don’t know when you’re going to get hit, or from which direction. Often times the passive- aggressive attacker is in such denial he/she doesn’t even know when the bomb will detonate. I’ve found that no matter how hard you try to defend against this character, they’re usually too creative to predict. For example, if your boyfriend is upset with your spending habits, he may refuse to take you to a doctor’s appointment. What? Go figure.

Some of the attacking styles I’ve mentioned are a bit off beat. Most people just openly blast or embarrass one another. Nevertheless, they are quite effective and potentially devastating to a partner and a relationship. Are they sometimes merited? How much responsibility does the non-initiating partner need to take for the relationship dynamic? What if both partners employ these styles? These are questions systemic thinkers grapple with.

Too many people remain in relationships in which one or more of the above styles predominate. If you’re one of these individuals, I would heartedly recommend addressing it as soon as possible. Professional couples therapy may be sorely merited.

[Stephen Betchen]

Dr. Stephen J. Betchen is a licensed marriage and family therapist and certified sex therapist, as well as a critically acclaimed author and regular contributor to the popular Ladies’ Home Journal column, “Can This Marriage Be Saved?” He currently serves as Clinical Assistant Professor at Thomas Jefferson University. For more than 25 years, Dr. Betchen has helped couples repair their relationships and reach new levels of happiness, whether they’re battling about in-laws, sex, parenting, infidelity, money, careers—or anything in between. (Case in point: He once treated folks who were at odds over the wife’s weight and the husband’s constant criticisms!) Dr. Betchen’s approach to couples therapy is refreshingly simple: He offers no gimmicks, slogans or quick fixes to nagging problems. Instead, Dr. Betchen believes that individuals change only when they discover what’s really driving their behavior—and that relationships change only when couples develop empathy for their partners and understand what really drew them together. (Turns out that physical attraction is just part of it.) Dr. Betchen provides in-depth analysis of couples’ attitudes and behavior, enabling them to see themselves and each other in a new light. And from there, he delivers real-world advice that teaches couples how to change themselves—and their relationship. Dr. Betchen is the author of numerous professional articles on relationships and makes frequent media appearances. His expert opinions often appear in national publications, including Family Circle and Men’s Health. In addition to Magnetic Partners, Dr. Betchen is the author of Intrusive Partners-Elusive Mates.

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